Wisdom teeth are the last set of permanent teeth present in your oral cavity that usually do not provide any benefit. They often erupt between the ages of 17 and 25. Extraction of a wisdom tooth may be deemed necessary due to reasons like impaction or dental caries involving the pulp.
The oral surgeon in Passaic, NJ, offers wisdom teeth extractions with minimal pain and discomfort, in addition to quick recovery and increased patient satisfaction.
An insight into wisdom tooth extraction
Wisdom tooth extraction is a common surgical procedure in dentistry that involves the removal of your third molars. Extraction is often considered a last resort for treating severely damaged or decayed teeth that are beyond repair.
There could be instances when extraction is the only option left to preserve your oral health and protect the other remaining teeth from dental issues.
Indications for wisdom teeth extraction
Dentists often recommend wisdom teeth extraction for the following reasons:
- Partially or fully impacted wisdom teeth
- Crooked wisdom teeth
- Wisdom teeth growing sideways
- Severe pain in the angle of your jaw
- Increased plaque accumulation and bacterial colonization due to trapped food and debris
- Periodontal disease around the third molars accompanied by inflamed, red, and tender gums
- Extensive tooth decay in a partially erupted wisdom tooth
- The presence of a cyst (fluid or pus-filled sac) around the molar
The procedure involved in the extraction of wisdom teeth
Your dentist will evaluate your wisdom tooth during your first visit. Necessary X-rays will be taken to determine the degree of impaction. There are several types of wisdom teeth impactions, such as:
- Soft tissue impaction
- Partial bony impaction
- Complete bony impaction
The procedure is as follows:
- Your dentist will administer local anesthesia to numb your teeth and gums
- Small incisions (cuts) will be made, if necessary, to expose the trapped tooth
- The tooth will be carefully rotated to facilitate loss of attachment and lifted from the socket (tooth sectioning may be required for easy removal)
- The extraction site will be irrigated to ensure there is no residue or debris
- The incisions may be closed through sutures if the opening is large
- A sterile gauze will be placed over the socket to slow the bleeding
Ensure to follow the instructions given by your surgeon to prevent any complications like excessive bleeding, poor healing, or dry socket.
Wisdom teeth extractions are common and simple unless they are impacted or infected. Such wisdom teeth may require extensive procedures to improve your oral care.